Oats have no purpose as a deer feed in my opinion, unless you use it as a nurse crop for fall seeded clovers. Alternatively, oats can be planted or frost-seeded in April if desired as a spring/summer forage. He has a broad range of professional experience managing wildlife populations and their habitats on public and private lands throughout the Southeast. They can both be eaten down relentlessly and still come back strong, and both can survive deep snow and brutal cold, providing forage right through winter into early spring. Buck forage oats is Bob oats but with a fancy name and deer on the bag. Rye is effective at suppressing weeds. Do a layered food plot of sorts. In well-managed food plots with a neutral soil pH and good fertility, oats can contain more than 25% crude protein. What do you guys think is the earliest I could plant oats some oats? Doing so will allow you to add the recommended amount of lime (if needed) and fertilizer to maximize forage production, attraction, and nutritional quality. In well-managed food plots with a neutral soil pH and good fertility, oats can contain more than 25% crude protein. Your oats may make it through the winter depending on severity of winter. Rye will grow anywhere. Regardless, it is important to select a variety of oats that is cold hardy, which can be determined by contacting your local Extension agent or seed dealer. I have planted winter wheat and different kind of oats, including Buck Forage Oats over the last few years. Brassica goes in about now and rye/ oats/ wheat and clover go in sept.01. I prefer including annual clovers because they can extend the life of the plot after oats mature, as well as produce nitrogen that benefits the oats. Oats are highly nutritious as well. This rivals any other cool-season forage and is well above the levels required by deer for optimum growth and production. If grass weeds are a problem, such as annual ryegrass in the South, your options will be more limited. When using herbicides, it is critical to always read and follow the herbicide label for specific rates and safety information pertaining to proper handling and application. Grains get tough as they get bigger. A lot of us that would be me included thought the deer just would not eat wheat in my area and all along I wasn't giving them the right kind and some years they wouldn't eat the oats all because of the seed variety. Triticale has some regrowth, but becomes very hard and unpalatible fast, makes decent baleage, but overall I wasn't impressed enough to plant it again. Though oats might die off in bitter cold conditions, the other two typically produce forage right into spring, when perennials such as clover and more natural forage become available. ... but rye works well that way, soI think a general broadcast will work. The oats die with the first decent frost and stop providing forage where as the wheat and rye will continue to grow and provide nutrition. I'm in south central Wisconsin. Cereal grains are highly attractive to deer, and they perform well under a wide range of conditions. Oats (Avena sativa) are a cool-season annual cereal grain and look very similar to the other cereal grains during the early stages prior to flowering. Both types of plants (cereals and brassicas) provide strong nutritional value and a taste that deer relish. Often, until deer become familiar with most brassica varieties, they don’t consume them until after the first hard frost. I still plant oats today, and I appreciate the "other cereal grain" for it's value as a quick start light forage for my Food Plot Layering Method, or as a small portion of a 1-time planting teamed with brassicas, peas and other forages. Oats beats rye for fall attraction here but the two planted together are equally eaten and rye helps our deer in the early spring with the first green food of the year, hiding cover for June fawns, and weed prevention for clover. One problem with oats is cold tolerance. Rye can grow to five feet tall, though it’s most useful for attracting deer when it’s in the 2-6 inch range. The oats will be a deer favorite from the time they sprout right up until the first hard frost. I am going to do a WR/Oats/AWP/clover/radish mix. Oats are heavily targeted by deer, but fail to stand up to the winter like wheat and rye, and while rye is the least attractive of the three it pull’s its weight with establishment and plot soil health benefits. Oats beats rye for fall attraction here but the two planted together are equally eaten and rye helps our deer in the early spring with the first green food of the year, hiding cover for June fawns, and weed prevention for clover. Some are higher than others. Most grains are early-growth hotspots because of that. What variety of oats are you looking to plant? The Rye Advantage Cereal rye, not to be confused with ryegrass, is a worthy choice for this year’s fall food plots. Cereal grains for the deer manager mean wheat, oats, rye and triticale. Buck forage oats is a variety called BOB. These herbicides will kill ryegrass but will not harm wheat or other broadleaf forages included in the mixture. Break Down the Brassicas to Choose the Best for Your Food Plots, Annuals, Perennials or Both for Food Plots? Wheat has better nutrition than rye, but not by much. I am not sure on what variety to plant. Bob is bob, just like ogle is ogle and rockford is rockford. Forage oats will yield between 1.5 and 2.0 tons of forage dry matter per acre when planted between august 1 and august 15. For feeding deer in multiple ways you may try this also: Make a proper mixture. If planting alone in a pure stand, broadcast seed at 120 to 150 lbs./acre PLS (pure live seed) and lightly disk into the soil 1- to 2-inches deep. In forage trials I helped conduct across Tennessee, rye consistently ranked second to oats when comparing deer selectivity of the different cereal grains. Seed rate should be between 150 - 200#'s per acre if broadcasting it. It competes with winter annuals and inhibits growth of spring weeds. Prior to planting oats or other forages, it is important to collect soil samples to determine the soil pH and fertility of your plots. The more deer eat cereal grains down, the more they … Compared to other cereal grains, rye grows faster, requires little or even no fertilizer, produces more tons per acre of dry matter, and is the most winter hardy of all cereal grains allowing it to green up much faster the following spring when fall planted. Oats should drilled at 70 to 80 lbs./acre PLS at 1- to 2-inches deep if planting alone. This is why oats are typically planted in the spring in northern regions except when trying to provide a quick source of attraction in fall hunting plots. If you have a high population of deer I'd skip the oats. Herbicides such as 2,4-D, Harmony Extra, Banvel, or Clarity are very effective for controlling broadleaf weeds. Your reason #2 is a big plus. This strategy will provide a quick source of attraction for hunting plots in northern regions. If broadcasting seed, be sure to create a smooth, firm seedbed by disking/tilling to ensure optimal germination and seedling establishment. Buck Forage oats are worth the extra cost in my trials, but they will feed on any of them. Then a couple weeks after this planting, broadcast some WR. How to Choose Wisely, Recover From Food Plot Failure by Planting a Salvage Plot. A great example of this is Buck Forage Oats. ... On the other hand, Antler King's Fall/Winter/Spring mix consists of winter peas and winter rye. Probably their favorite among cereal grains, with wheat and rye right behind. At maturity, oats typically reach about 2- to 3-feet tall if soil fertility is good. If your goal is to extend the life of food plots into the following summer, it will be important to include other forages that will be available when the oats seed out and die in late spring. But as i've stated before on here. As previously mentioned, oats are highly favored by deer and they consistently rank among the top species consumed by deer in forage preference trials. At the very least, then, the weeds would be prevented from forming seed heads and spreading through seed. Oats are a great choice for cereal grain lovers. Rye will grow in poorer soils, so if its sandy, I would lean that way. As a grain rye, it is the most cold tolerant of all the cereal grains, thus providing more forage for deer during the coldest periods of the winter season. Oats are also highly digestible. Ryan has conducted research on a variety of species and habitats where he examined the effects of various forest management techniques on browse production, availability, preference, and nutrition for white-tailed deer. It works on the poorest of soils and lowest of pH's. Similar to other cereal grains, oats are very easy to establish and can either be broadcast or drilled into a prepared seed bed. With regard to deer preference, oats consistently rank higher than the other cereal grains and most other forages for that matter. The rye and wheat will take over at that time and feed as well as attract deer throughout the winter. The results might surprise people but the worst product in the trials was everyone's favorite forage oats. Oats perform very well in mixtures with other annual forages, such as crimson, arrowleaf, balansa and frosty berseem clovers, as well as winter peas and brassicas. They’re easy to grow, and a good buffer for young clover seedlings. I am currently doing another brassica trial and fall grains trial with 5 different oats, wheat, fall rye … They are high in carbohydrates and draw deer when other plants won’t. For regrowth nothing beats oats, wheat is more drought tolerant, but has very little regrowth and doesn't stool as well as wheat. Share to More. In the northern half of the U.S., oats will be killed when cold weather sets in unless a cold-hardy variety is used. Welters has Buck forage oats $34.50 for a 50# bag. That is, you will not notice more or fewer deer using a plot of rye than you would a food plot planted in wheat … It has a lot to do with one crop leaving and another crop coming in. Deer eat the tender nutritious (12-25% protein) foliage in fall, winter and early spring. Do not confuse cereal rye (rye grain) with annual or perennial ryegrass, they are totally different plants! There is a limited variety of winter oats out there on the market. Since deer has a sensitive digestive system, a proper ratio is essential from this point of the view. However, experienced food plotters may notice that oats are a deeper green compared to the other grains. Acid detergent fiber is a measurement of the indigestible portion of the plant, so the lower the better. It has been a popular choice by deer hunters for a long time. If no-till drilling, be sure to kill the existing vegetation with glyphosate a few weeks prior to planting to eliminate weed competition and expose the soil prior to planting. If ryegrass is a problem and you want to plant a cereal grain, you will need to substitute wheat for oats. Oats typically grow faster than rye does so they provide a quicker food source than rye will however in the end winter rye always comes out the winner due to it's extreme hardiness. With the oats dead at frost, you are providing no nutrition in the winter. Oats are also highly digestible. As natural wild foods decline with cold weather, deer feed more and more heavily on cereal grain crops such as oats, rye and wheat. As rye residue decomposes, it releases allelopathic compounds that are harmful to the growth of weeds. Oats germinate very quickly and provide early attraction as the slower growing clover and chicory emerge later. However, some of the forage legumes, such as soybeans and cowpeas, would be better suited if increased forage production is your goal during summer. Most varieties of oats that are planted north of the Mason-Dixon line will die off after the first decent frost. Seeding rates and planting times vary according to the location and application of planting. Rye can recycle potassium from deeper in the soil profile for future crop use. Oats are an excellent choice for deer hunters who like to plant cereal grains. Ryan Basinger of Alabama is a certified wildlife biologist and the Wildlife Consulting Manager for Westervelt Wildlife Services. It's at this point that these plant's starches become sugars. Since oats establish very quickly, the rapid growth rate will help suppress weed pressure naturally. Here in Oklahoma they can live all the way through. As oats begin to mature and produce seed, palatability and digestibility are significantly reduced. Deer where you are will eat oats, wheat or rye. Still, oats, rye, wheat, the deer love it all. WW draws deer and I have fall, winter, and spring usage. 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